Spruce Needlefly - Paraleuctra projecta
This is a small black stonefly in the family; Leuctridae. Like most of the species in the rolled-winged family, this species hatches early in the year often when snow is still on the ground, where they can be noticed quite easily crawling around along the banks of streams.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Merritt and Cummins (1996) report that members of this family are trophically shredder-detritivores; eating large particulate organic materials such as detritus, leaves and plants.
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Cummins, K.W. and R.W. Merritt. 1996. Ecology and distribution of aquatic insects. Chapter 6, pages 74-86 in R.W. Merritt and K.W. Cummins (eds.) An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. Third Edition. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa. 862 pp.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Stark Bill P. and Juliana W. Kyzar. 2001. Systematics of Nearctic Paraleuctra with description of a new genus (Plecoptera: Leuctridae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 144: 119-135.
- Additional Sources of Information Related to "Insects"