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Delaware Skipper - Anatrytone logan


Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5

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General Description
[From Ferris and Brown 1981; Scott 1986; Layberry et al. 1998; Opler and Wright 1999; Glassberg 2001] Forewing 1.5-1.6 cm (males), 1.8 cm (females). Bright yellow-orange, fringes usually orange. Uppersurface with black outer margins, veins with at least some black, sometimes through submarginal to median region, forewing with black bar at end of discal cell and females with a larger elongate black patch at wing base; undersurface of hindwings unmarked yellow-orange.

Phenology
One flight, late June through July northward and in Colorado; several flights southward, February to October in Florida, April to October in Texas (Scott 1986). May to October in south, mid-June through July in north (Glassberg 2001). Mid-July to mid-August in Canada (Layberry et al. 1998). Late June through July in the Rocky Mountain states (Ferris and Brown 1981), late June to late July in Colorado (Scott and Scott 1978), late June through July in North Dakota (Mccabe and Post 1976).

Diagnostic Characteristics
Best determined by a combination of orange-tan fringes, black margins and black wing veins on bright yellow orange uppersurface, unmarked yellow-orange undersurface.

Species Range
Montana Range

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Range Comments
Southern Alberta and Saskatchewan south along Rocky Mountain front in Colorado and New Mexico to western Texas, east across extreme southern Canada to southern Ontario, southern New England, and throughout most of eastern US (Ferris and Brown 1981; Scott 1986; Layberry et al. 1998; Opler and Wright 1999; Glassberg 2001). Usually below 1890 m elevation in the Rocky Mountain states (Brown 1957; Scott and Scott 1978; Ferris and Brown 1981). In Montana, reported from at least 13 eastern counties as far west as Hill and Cascade counties (Kohler 1980; Stanford and Opler 1993; FLMNH Lepidopterists' Society database), to at least 1150 m elevation. Mainly rare to uncommon in the western US (Glassberg 2001).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 2

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Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Migration
Non-migratory.

Habitat
Wet brushy fields, wet meadows, marshes, prairies, foothills, open woodlands (Ferris and Brown 1981; Scott 1986; Layberry et al. 1998; Opler and Wright 1999; Glassberg 2001); favoring less disturbed prairie over fields and barrens (Nelson 2007; Swengel and Swengel 2015), sometimes present in low numbers in marshes dominated by exotic sedge (Catlin and Kostiuk 2014). Habitat in Montana not described but probably similar.

Food Habits
Larval food plants are grasses, including Andropogon(?), Bromus, Erianthus, and Panicum (Ferris and Brown 1981; Scott 1986, 1992, 2006; Layberry et al. 1998). Adults feed on flower nectar (including Asclepias, Carduus, Cephalanthus, Cirsium, Echinacea, Heterotheca, Medicago, Monarda, Prunella, Silphium, Teucrium, Verbena, Vicea) and mud (Tooker et al. 2002; Scott 2014).

Reproductive Characteristics
Limited information. Females lay eggs singly on host plant leaves. Larvae eat host plant leaves, live in nest of rolled or silk-tied grass leaves, overwinter (diapause) as half-grown (L3-L4 instar?) larvae, emerge in spring and pupate in rolled leaf nest on host plant; adults eclose (emerge) from pupae in 12-13 days in captivity (Scott 1979, 1986, 1992). Males perch throughout the day in grassy swales and gulches awaiting passing females (Scott 1975b, 1986).

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Delaware Skipper — Anatrytone logan.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from