The Yellow-bellied Sapsucker breeds from southeastern Alaska east across Canada and south to the Upper Midwest, east to New England and south through New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia (Sibley 2014). This species winters from Kansas, Missouri, central Illinois, central Indiana, central Ohio, southeastern Pennsylvania, and New Jersey south through the southern U.S. (Walters et al. 2002). In Montana, the Yellow-bellied Sapsucker has several spring and fall records over the past decade (Montana Bird Distribution Committee 2012).
For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. 2016, Birds of Montana.